New-CimSession

Creates a CIM session.
New-CimSession [[-ComputerName] <String[]>] [[-Credential] <PSCredential>] [-Authentication<PasswordAuthenticationMechanism>] [-Name <String>] [-OperationTimeoutSec <UInt32>] [-Port <UInt32>][-SessionOption <CimSessionOptions>] [-SkipTestConnection] [<CommonParameters>]
New-CimSession [[-ComputerName] <String[]>] [-CertificateThumbprint <String>] [-Name <String>][-OperationTimeoutSec <UInt32>] [-Port <UInt32>] [-SessionOption <CimSessionOptions>] [-SkipTestConnection][<CommonParameters>]

The New-CimSession cmdlet creates a CIM session. A CIM session is a client-side object representing a connection to a local computer or a remote computer. The CIM session contains information about the connection, such as ComputerName, the protocol used for the connection, session ID and instance ID.

This cmdlet returns a CIM session object that can be used by all other CIM cmdlets.

Parameters
-Authentication <PasswordAuthenticationMechanism>

Specifies the authentication type used for the user’s credentials. psdx_paramvaluesDefault, Digest, Negotiate, Basic, Kerberos, NtlmDomain and CredSsp.

You cannot use the NtlmDomain authentication type for connection to the local computer. CredSSP authentication is available only in firstref_vista, firstref_longhorn, and later versions of Windows.

Caution: Credential Security Service Provider (CredSSP) authentication, in which the user’s credentials are passed to a remote computer to be authenticated, is designed for commands that require authentication on more than one resource, such as accessing a remote network share. This mechanism increases the security risk of the remote operation. If the remote computer is compromised, the credentials that are passed to it can be used to control the network session.

-CertificateThumbprint <String>

Specifies the digital public key certificate (X.509) of a user account that has permission to perform this action. Enter the certificate thumbprint of the certificate.

Certificates are used in client certificate-based authentication. They can be mapped only to local user accounts; they do not work with domain accounts.

To get a certificate thumbprint, use the Get-Item or Get-ChildItem cmdlets in the wps_1 Certificate provider.

-ComputerName <String[]>

Specifies the name of the computer to which to create the CIM session. Specify either a single computer name, or multiple computer names separated by a comma.

If ComputerName is not specified, a CIM session to the local computer is created.

You can specify the value for computer name in one of the following formats:

One or more NetBIOS names

One or more IP addresses

One or more fully qualified domain names.

If the computer is in a different domain than the user, you must specify the fully qualified domain name.

You can also pass a computer name (in quotes) to New-CimSession by using the pipeline.

-Credential <PSCredential>

Specifies a user account that has permission to perform this action. If Credential is not specified, the current user account is used.

Specify the value for Credential by using one of the following formats:

A user name: “User01”

A domain name and a user name: “Domain01User01”

A user principal name: “User@Domain.com”

A PSCredential object, such as one returned by the Get-Credential cmdlet.

When you type a user name, you are prompted for a password.

-Name <String>

Specifies a friendly name for the CIM session.

You can use the name to refer to the CIM session when using other cmdlets, such as the Get-CimSession cmdlet. The name is not required to be unique to the computer or the current session.

-OperationTimeoutSec <UInt32>

Duration for which the cmdlet waits for a response from the server.

By default, the value of this parameter is 0, which means that the cmdlet uses the default timeout value for the server.

If the OperationTimeoutSec parameter is set to a value less than the robust connection retry timeout of 3 minutes, network failures that last more than the value of the OperationTimeoutSec parameter are not recoverable, because the operation on the server times out before the client can reconnect.

-Port <UInt32>

Specifies the network port on the remote computer that is used for this connection. To connect to a remote computer, the remote computer must be listening on the port that the connection uses. The default ports are 5985 (the WinRM port for HTTP) and 5986 (the WinRM port for HTTPS).

Before using an alternate port, you must configure the WinRM listener on the remote computer to listen at that port. Use the following commands to configure the listener:

1. winrm delete winrm/config/listener?Address=*+Transport=HTTP

2. winrm create winrm/config/listener?Address=*+Transport=HTTP @{Port=”<port-number>”}

Do not use the Port parameter unless you must. The port setting in the command applies to all computers or sessions on which the command runs. An alternate port setting might prevent the command from running on all computers.

-SessionOption <CimSessionOptions>

Sets advanced options for the new CIM session. Enter the name of a CimSessionOption object created by using the New-CimSessionOption cmdlet.

-SkipTestConnection [<SwitchParameter>]

By default, the New-CimSession cmdlet establishes a connection with a remote WS-Management endpoint for two reasons: to verify that the remote server is listening on the port number that is specified by using the Port parameter, and to verify the specified account credentials. The verification is accomplished by using a standard WS-Identity operation. You can add the SkipTestConnection switch parameter if the remote WS-Management endpoint cannot use WS-Identify, or if you want to reduce some data transmission time.

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: Verbose, Debug,ErrorAction, ErrorVariable, WarningAction, WarningVariable,OutBuffer, PipelineVariable, and OutVariable.

Inputs

None

This cmdlet accepts no inputs.

Outputs

Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSession

Examples
  1. Create a CIM session with default options:
    PS C:>  New-CimSession
    

    This command creates a local CIM session with default options. If ComputerName is not specified, New-CimSession creates a DCOM session to the local computer.

  2. Create a CIM session to a specific computer:
    PS C:>  New-CimSession -ComputerName Server01
    

    This command creates a CIM session to the computer specified by ComputerName. By default, New-CimSession creates a WsMan session when ComputerName is specified.

  3. Create a CIM session to multiple computers:
    PS C:> New-CimSession -ComputerName Server01,Server02,Server03
    

    This command creates a CIM session to each of the computers specified by ComputerName, in the comma separated list.

  4. Create a CIM session with a friendly name:
    
       Then you can use the friendly name of a CIM session to easily refer to the session in other CIM cmdlets, for 
       example, Get-CimSession.
    
    PS C:> New-CimSession -ComputerName Server01,Server02 -Name FileServers
    
    
    PS C:> Get-CimSession -Name File*
    

    This command creates a remote CIM session on each of the computer specified by ComputerName, in the comma separated list, and assigns a friendly name to the new sessions, by specifying Name.

  5. Create a CIM session to a computer using a PSCredential object:
    PS C:> New-CimSession -ComputerName Server01 -Credential $cred -Authentication Negotiate
    

    This command creates a CIM session to the computer specified by ComputerName, using the PSCredential object specified by Credential, and the authentication type specified by Authentication.

    You can create a PSCredential object by using the Get-Credential cmdlet.

  6. Create a CIM session to a computer using a specific port:
    PS C:> New-CimSession -ComputerName Server01 -Port 1234
    

    This command creates a CIM session to the computer specified by ComputerName using the TCP port specified by Port.

  7. Create a CIM session using DCOM:
    PS C:> $so = New-CimSessionOption -Protocol DCOM
    
    
    PS C:> New-CimSession -ComputerName Server1 -SessionOption $so
    

    This command creates a CIM session by using the Distributed COM (DCOM) protocol instead of WSMan.

Related Links

Get-ChildItem
Get-Credential
Get-Item
Get-CimSession
Remove-CimSession
New-CimSessionOption